North CaroSina Department of Agriculture
L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner
This twelfth annual issue of the Tobacco Report has
been compiled and prepared by W. P. Hedrick and J.
H. Cyrus, tobacco specialists with the Division of Mar-
kets of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture,
in cooperation with the U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture under the Research and Marketing Act.
Credit is due the Cooperative Crop Reporting
Service of the North Carolina and United States De-
partments of Agriculture, and the Tobacco Branch of
the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service for much
of the statistical data contained herein.
This issue of the Tobacco Report is dedicated to
agricultural engineering researchers for their efforts
toward mechanizing the handling of tobacco and re-
ducing the man hours necessary to produce this
ComTYiissioner of Agriculture
For free distribution by the Tobacco Section,
Markets Division, North Carolina Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Raleigh, N. C.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Flue-Cured Outlook, 1961 4
The Burley Tobacco Outlook, 1961 9
International Trade In Flue-Cured Tobacco.. 10
State Summary, 1960-61 14
North Carolina Tobacco Warehouse Sales Report, 1960-61 .16
Summary of Dealer and Warehouse Resales, 1960-61 18
Producer and Gross Sales of Flue-Cured Tobacco By States, 1960 18
Stabilization Receipts by Belts— 1960 18
Flue-Cured Movement In and Out of North Carolina 19
Burley Movement In and Out of North Carolina 19
North Carolina Flue-Cured Crops, 1919-1960 20
North Carolina Burley Crops, 1928-1960 21
North Carolina Flue-Cured Tobacco Allotments, 1961 22
North Carolina Burley Tobacco Allotments, 1961 24
North Carolina Tobacco Warehouses and Operators
By Belts and Markets 25
Domestic Cigarette Consumption By Kinds, 1960 Back Cover
Our cover picture is a Japanese field of flue-cured tobacco with curing
lam in the background.
Flue-Cured Outlook 1961
Can North Carolina tobacco growers repeat in 1961 the suc-
cessful season they enjoyed in 1960? Last season was one of the
best on record in average yield per acre, total produced on acre-
age allotted, quality of leaf and average price received.
In spite of a late transplanting season growers produced a
yield of 1,820 pounds per acre, a total poundage of 834 million,
and received 510 million dollars for an average of $61.20 per
The outlook for 1961 indicates that the factors affecting
future prospects are just as good for this season as they were
last year or better, vs^ith one possible exception, the weather.
Seldom do you have two ideal growing seasons successively.
As for domestic buyer demand, cigarette consumption set
new high records in 1960 and are expected to go higher in 1961.
Cigarettes manufactured and put into trade channels totaled
510 billion during the year, an increase of 21 billion over 1959.
The 1960 production of smoking tobacco for pipes and "roll-
your-own" cigarettes shows a slight increase over 1959, cur-
rently estimated at about 74 million pounds.
The only other tobacco product using flue-cured tobacco in
quantity is chewing tobacco and this type of product no longer
appears to fit in with present day living and employment. The
downward trend in usage is likely to continue in 1961 and future
years. However, much of this loss will be taken up by
During 1960 domestic manufacturers used 796 million pounds
of flue-cured and this figure is expected to show a further mod-
erate increase. Exports of flue-cured are expected to regain
the loss from a slight dip in 1959 and return to the 440 to 450
million pound level of the past five years. The increase in exports
from the 1960 crop can be attributed to the better-than-average
quality of the crop produced and export dealers and manufac-
turers increased their purchases substantially.
On November 23, the acreage allotment for the 1961 crop was
set by the U. S. Department of Agriculture at 470,000 acres for
North Carolina. For the majority of farms the 1961 allotment
will be the same as last year.
Mechanical harvester priming Eeaves in field and bulking tobacco for curing
in bulk curing barns.
Under the stabilized price support passed by Congress in 1959,
the support level will be the same as last year adjusted in pro-
portion to the change between the 1959 parity index and the
average of the parity index for the three prior years. As of
January 1, indications are that the 1961 price support level will
be the same as the 55.5 cents per pound level of last year.
Growers will enter the 1961 season with a carryover of flue-
cured stocks amounting to 2,120 million pounds — slightly above
mid-1960. As the allotted acreage is practically the same as last
year, little change from last year's harvested acreage is ex-
pected. However, weather conditions last season were ideally
suited for high yield, and it can hardly be expected that these
conditions will prevail two years in a row. If the yields per acre
should equal the average for the last three years. North Caro-
lina growers would produce 778 million pounds or 56 million
pounds less than in 1960, while the national crop of flue-cured
would total 1,170 million pounds.
This would mean a total supply of 3,290 million pounds or
stocks for 2.7 years. This supply is only slightly above the
amount considered normal.
On January 1, Stabilization held stocks from six crops, 1955
to 1960 inclusive. The total amounted to 539 million pounds, or
22 million pounds less than a year earlier. During the year
Stabilization sold 74 million pounds. This was considerably
less than the amount sold the previous year, but still indicate^
that stocks held by Stabilization are headed in the right direction.
Tar Heel tobacco growers can take heart from the fact that
President Kennedy, both before and after the election, endorsed
the tobacco program. The President called it "the one bright
spot" in the agricultural picture. He agreed that it is fair to
the grower, consumer and government, and has cost the tax-
payer practically nothing. The new Secretary of Agriculture,
Orville Freeman, says he would "certainly expect to maintain"
the present tobacco price support program.
Quotas are subject to referendum at three-year intervals.
Growers approved the quota program for the 1959, 1960 and
1961 crops in a referendum held in December, 1958. Sometime
A rack of tobacco prepared for bulk curing. This method does away with
tobacco sticks and stringing.
Bulk Curing Barn
this fall flue-cured growers will vote again on continuation of
quotas for the next three years.
Although tobacco growers are in fairly good condition at
present, what about the years ahead ? The future profitable pro-
duction of tobacco is tied in closely with the amount of mechan-
ization that can be developed to eliminate much of the handwork
necessary at present. Mechanization is urgently needed. Re-
search shows that it now takes from 300 to 400 man-hours to
produce an acre of tobacco. There has been little improvement
in this aspect of tobacco production in the past 100 years, and
tobacco takes more man-hours than any other field crop.
Hiring field labor is becoming increasingly difficult and ex-
pensive for the farmer. Manpower is leaving the farms for
industry in the urban centers. Labor, when available, demands
pay equal to that of factory workers.
In spite of high prices received for the 1960 crop, tobacco
farming is not as profitable as it seems at first glance. As time
goes along it is evident that future profits will depend on the
development of labor-saving devices. At present research is
being done at several colleges to mechanize the handling of
tobacco, in planting, harvesting and curing. Progress is being
made in all directions.
A seed planter is being developed at the University of Ken-
tucky that is intended to do away with the necessity of seed beds
and transplanting. Tobacco seed will be rolled into small pellets
of clay, dropped from a hopper into holes punched into a plastic
strip that spreads across the field as the planter moves along.
In development are mechanical harvesters that prime leaves
from the stalk, and of course the bulk curer that was in farm use
during last season.
These and many other labor savings problems are being
studied. The answers will not come this year or next. Eventual-
ly, however, the tobacco grower's cost must be reduced if he
expects to continue to lead in income received from North Caro-
The necessity for cost reduction is two-fold. First, to widen
the profit margin to the grower and second to hold at present
prices the cost of tobacco to foreign buyers.
Until recent years North Carolina's leaf growers had no com-
petition at home and a minimum of export competition from
foreign-grown leaf. Conditions are different today. Canada's
1960 flue-cured crop was 191 million pounds and averaged $57
per hundred pounds ; Rhodesia produced a crop of 222 million
pounds that sold for $40 per hundred pounds ; and India's 1960
crop of flue-cured is estimated at 139 million pounds and is sell-
ing for $35 per hundred pounds.
American flue-cured meets competition in world markets from
tobacco produced in all these countries.
If mechanization should come first to these large producing
competitors of ours. North Carolina growers would probably lose
what we have left of our export trade. At present, North Caro-
lina leaf tobacco, like other farm commodities, faces a substitu-
tion problem in foreign markets as prices go up.
There has been more change in agricultural production on the
farm in the past 50 years in all crops except tobacco, than there
was in the previous 1,000 years.
The only improvements tobacco has benefited from are improv-
ed varieties, higher yields per acre, insect control and disease
reduction. Tobacco is far behind other crops in this respect,
and we must catch up if tobacco is to remain King of North
Burley Outlook 1961
North Carolina burley growers enjoyed a very successful sea-
son in 1960. While production was down from 1959 the price of
$65.00 per hundred was the highest in history, and the
total money received was the second largest amount, $12.5 mil-
On January 30, the Secretary of Agriculture announced a six
percent increase in acreage for 1961. The effect of this increase
in North Carolina will be small, as most of our 18,000 growers
have allotments of six-tenths of an acre or less.
The total supply of burley is 1,687 million pounds or 39 mil-
lion lower than was available for 1960. During the past five
years burley stocks have been reduced 156 million pounds. In
the past year government loan stocks of burley declined sharply
as substantial quantities were sold and moved into trade chan-
nels. On January 1, less than 80 million pounds remained in
the government pool.
The same factors that affect the disappearance of flue-cured
affect burley — consumption of cigarettes, smoking and chewing
tobacco and snuff. The use of burley for the manufacture of
these products increased 16 million pounds during 1960, and the
increase is expected to continue for the years ahead.
Exports of burley remain at about the 36 million pound level,
but there are some prospects of increase if larger supplies are
available at a price in line with other types of tobacco.
More burley continues to be produced in foreign countries.
During the period 1947-51 production of burley in foreign areas
averaged only 36 million pounds annually. At present produc-
tion has reached 116 million pounds.
International Trade In Flue-Cured
By W. P. Hedrick, Tobacco Marketing Specialist
N. C. Department of Agriculture
Tobacco has been an important commodity in international
trade for more than 350 years, beginning on a commercial scale
with the English Colony at Jamestown in the early 1600's. The
increase in world trade of tobacco since World War I has been
gradual. However, since World War II there have been pro-
nounced increases in producing areas and shifts in markets as
to types of tobacco entering world trade.
Over 100 years ago, in the year 1856, an accident in curing
tobacco on a farm in Caswell County was responsible for the
beginning of flue-cured tobacco. Today, flue-cured tobacco is
being grown in many countries around the world.
For many years following 1856, the United States was the
only producer of flue-cured tobacco, and it was not until the
early 1900's that any noticeable amounts of flue-cured tobacco
were grown in foreign countries. During the 1920's the United
States was producing about 90 percent of the world's produc-
tion, but during the middle 1930's the U. S. production dropped
to about two-thirds of world production.
From the mid 1930's until around 1950 the United States
increased its production at about the same rate as foreign coun-
tries. Therefore, the U. S. maintained about two-thirds of
world production during those years. However, since 1950 world
production has increased at a faster rate than the United States,
and today the American grower is producing only about 40 per-
cent of the total flue-cured raised in the world.
A record world crop of flue-cured was produced in 1960, a
total of 3,265 million pounds. Production was up in the United
States as w^ell as in other major tobacco growing countries, with
particularly big gains in Rhodesia, Canada and India.
The U. S. 1960 crop of flue-cured was 1,250 million pounds.
Other free world countries also had large flue-cured crops.
Rhodesia's record harvest was 222 million pounds. Flue-cured
production in Canada was a record 191 million pounds, while
Domestic and foreign buyers inspecting and appraising new varieties for quality
and buyer acceptability before release of seed to growers for production.
India's flue-cured crop was only slightly larger than the pre-
The production of flue-cured tobacco — the most important
kind entering world trade — continues to be encouraged in Com-
monwealth countries by the preferential tariff in the United
Kingdom. The guaranteed purchase agreement between British
manufacturers and Rhodesian growers also acts as a stimulant
The U. S. flue-cured tobacco farmer, who is depending upon
the domestic market as well as export trade for sound economic
backing, has seen some changes come over the market during
the last few years.
This is especially true in the domestic market where con-
sumer preference for filter-tip cigarettes caused a shift in com-
pany buying patterns, from the thinner, milder grades to
heavier, more aromatic grades. This change in buying pattern
puts domestic buyers in direct competition with export buyers
which has caused a sharp increase in price on some of the
Therefore, foreign production continues to be stimulated by
the relatively high prices of U. S. cigarette tobacco, particularly
low and medium grades. U. S. prices are higher than for similar
tobacco grown in major competing countries, especially Rhodesia.
In recent years some U. S. tobacco growers have tended to
emphasize production of pounds at the expense of quality. At
the same time effective research, improved varieties and better
sorting practices have improved competitive tobaccos. Heavier
demands for them have resulted.
American manufacturers are providing an ever-increasing
market for imported cigarette tobacco. So far the principal im-
ports have been turkish tobacco, for blending purposes, from
Greece and Turkey. These imports have increased in the past
few years from 80 to 110 million pounds, and manufacturers
seem to be taking advantage of reduced U. S. tariffs to move
more and more tobacco here. The import tariffs have been
reduced in the past few years from 35 cents per pound to .1275
cents per pound. This is one point American growers should
watch closely. While we have been reducing tariffs, other coun-
tries have been throwing up artificial barriers to important
markets that will affect export trade in the years ahead and will
encourage gains in trade by our competitors. Licensing of to-
bacco bought with dollars remains in effect in many countries.
Regulations requiring the mixing of native tobacco with import-
ed U. S. leaf are in effect in West Germany, Australia and New
The formation of the European Economic Community already
has affected the demand for U. S. tobacco in the six-member
countries : West Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Italy
and Luxembourg. These countries proposed to establish a 30
percent ad valorem rate on all tobacco imported from countries
outside the Common Market area.
Recently, members of the Common Market area agreed to an
adjustment in this rate. Negotiations are underway at present
to work out this problem.
Western Europe, taken as a whole, continues to be the major
miarket area for our leaf tobacco exports. The United Kingdom
is the No. 1 buyer of American leaf. However, since 1951, U. S.
leaf exports to the United Kingdom have dropped from 220 mil-
lion pounds to about 140 million a year. Rhodesian exports to
the United Kingdom have increased at about the same rate as
our decline. United Kingdom buyers take the top quality grades
from the Rhodesian crop and pay prices well above the average
of the entire crop. On the other hand, prices they pay for tobacco
bought in this country are more in line w^ith the prices paid for
the entire crop. One of the reasons for this is that the Rhodesian
tobacco enjoys a preferential import duty rate of 21 cents a
pound into the United Kingdom.
West Germany has shown an increase in the imports of United
States leaf in the past few years, as well as Denmark and Sweden,
while decreases have occurred in the Netherlands, Belgium and
The situation in tobacco going to Australia is somewhat sim-
ilar to Western Europe. Australia has a mixing law requiring
cigarettes manufactured there to contain a certain percentage
of Australian tobacco. Australia has increased its imports for
the last few years, but most of the increase has gone to Rhodesia,
rather than the United States.
In view of the fact that cigarettes are increasing in popularity
throughout the world, the American flue-cured grower, and par-
ticularly the North Carolina grower should share in the increased
consumption of tobacco. Favorable business conditions, more
extensive advertising, larger incomes and greater contact among
people throughout the world will likely assure a continued upward
trend in cigarette manufacture. Many new cigarette factories
have been built during the last decade in underdeveloped coun-
There are several favorable factors that point up the fact that
North Carolina's tobacco economy can share in tobacco's ex-
Stocks of U. S. flue-cured leaf are lower in many important
markets than a year ago; the United Kingdom has removed
financial restrictions on purchases of U. S. flue-cured; gold and
dollar reserves abroad are large and economic ^activity continues
strong ; world cigarette consumption is moving upward at about
five percent yearly; the 1960 crop of flue-cured was one of the
best export quality ^crops in yea,js ; and the support price has been
stabilized by legislatioji enacted in early 1960.
Our flue-cured growers have the responsibility' to continue to
produce quality tobacco, plant only recommended and tested
varieties, use recommended cultural practices and allow tobacco
to ripen;, ijij;hup, field before harvesting. ; -;> ■ ■. - Ho^r;- ,:.
State Summary 1960-61
North Carolina flue-cured tobacco growers made several new records during
the 1960 season. First, they received the highest average price ever paid for
flue-cured tobacco in the state. Secondly, they produced the most pounds
per acre ever made in North Carolina, and the dollar value per acre was the
highest on record. The yield was 1,820 pounds per acre and the previous
high yield was 1,718 pounds in 1958. Burley growers also set a new record
average price in North Carolina of $65.25 per hundred during the 1960-61
The North Carolina flue-cured markets sold 817,386,008 pounds of tobacco
for growers during the 1960 season, for a cash return of $500,109,487, which
was a record season average of $61.18 per hundred. In 1959, producer sales
in North Carolina showed an average of $58.29 per hundred for 683,004,915
pounds of tobacco, which returned the growers $398,121,773. This compari-
son shows that flue-cured tobacco growers fared much better in 1960 with
an increase in price of $2.89 per hundred, and a poundage increase of 134,-
381,093 pounds which gave them an increase in cash returns of $101,987,714
over the previous year.
The value of the 1960 flue-cured crop in North Carolina was the third
highest on record, exceeded only by the 1951 and 1955 crops.
Type 13 — North Carolina Border Markets opened for the 19 30 market-
ing season on August 11, which was two weeks later than the 1959 opening.
The quality of the crop was not as good as the previous year. The drop in
quality was due mostly to a late growing season and heavy rains from a
liurricane late in July. There was a noticeable decrease in choice and fine
grades, and an increase in low and poor qualities. However, the average
prices for about 50 percent of the grades were $1 to $5 per hundred higher
than the previous year. About 20 percent of the grades showed losses of
$1 to $2, which were mostly variegated leaf, red leaf and low lug grades.
The other 30 percent of the grades were unchanged.
The volume of producer sales was up in 1960 to 150,575,437 pounds, which
Ijoosted the value of sales to $93,648,182. However, the market average of
$62.13 was a slight decline from the previous year's record of $62.37 per
hundred. Growers received $82,374,446 in 1959 for 132,082,333 pounds of
tobacco sold on North Carolina border markets.
The season ended in this belt on October 14, covering a period of 46 sale
days. Last year the season covered 42 selling days.
Type 12 — The 19 60 marketing season opened in the Eastern Belt on
August 23, which was about a week later than the 1959 opening. The quality
of offerings in this belt showed some improvement over the previous year.
The percentage of cutters increased and there were more good quality grades,
and less poor quality and nondescript grades. About 47 percent of the grades
offered showed a decrease of $1 to $4 per hundred in average, about 36 percent
were up $2 to $4, and 17 percent showed no change compared with the 1959
The general market average in the Eastern Belt set a record of $61.24 per
hundred for 409,980,457 pounds of tobacco sold for producers during the
season, which returned them $251,077,871. Thus, the 1960 crop showed an
increase in general average price, total value, and volume as compared to
1959 when growers averaged $58.70 per hundred for 328,378,308 pounds
which sold for $192,736,686.
The Eastern Belt completed its 1960 season on November 4 after operating
for 53 sale days. In 1959 the markets in this belt operated for 57 days.
Type UB — The Middle Belt markets opened on September 6, 1960,
which was one week later than in 1959. There was considerable improve-
ment in the quality of tobacco offered for sale during the 1960 season. The
percentage of low to good quality grades increased, and the amount of poor
quality and nondescript offered was substantially less than the previous
year. Practically all of the medium to low grades showed an increase in
price over last year, ranging from $1 to $11 per hundred.
Growers in this belt received a record high average of $61.61 this season
for 154,414,952 pounds of tobacco, which pushed the value of the sales to
$95,128,920. This is considerably more than the $57.17 per hundred that
growers received in 1959 for 122,899,800 pounds, which returned them only
The final sales in this belt were held on November 18, which covered 53
sale days. This is two days less than the 1959 season.
Type llA — The 1960 selling season started on North Carolina Old Belt
markets on September 19, about one week later than the 1959 opening. The
quality of the tobacco sold was much better than the previous year. There
were more good and fine quality grades and less nondescript, and there was
a larger percentage of cutters and smoking leaf. About 75 percent of the
grades offered for sale showed increases in price ranging from $1 to $9 com-
pared with 1959. There was no change in about 15 percent of the grades,
and about 10 percent were lower than the previous year. Losses occurred
chiefly in the heavier leaf grades.
Farmers selling on the nine North Carolina Old Belt markets received a
record high season average of $58.83 for 102,415,172 pounds of tobacco, giving
them a cash return of $60,254,514. In 1959 these growers received $52,745,-
024 from 99,644,474 pounds of tobacco, which averaged only $52.93 per
Final sales were held in this belt on December 14, covering a period of
60 sale days. In 1959 the season lasted for 63 days.
Type 31 — The three North Carolina hurley markets at Asheville, Boone
and West Jefferson opened for the 1960-61 marketing season on November 28.
The general quality of offerings was considerably better than in the pre-
vious year, with a larger percentage of the crop going into the thinner
smoking quality grades. Only about one percent of the sales went into the
hurley pool under government loan.
Burley growers selling on North Carolina markets during the 1960-61
season received a new record high average of $65.25 per hundred for
15,724,586 pounds, returning them $10,260,172. During the 1959-60 market-
ing season, growers averaged only $56.62 per hundred for 17,724,068 pounds,
which returned them $10,035,703.
Final sales were held at Asheville and Boone on January 11, and West
Jefferson rounded out a season of 25 sale days on January 12, 1961. The
previous season covered 23 selling days.
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Summary of N. C. Dealer and Warehouse
Producer and Gross Sales of Flue Cured
Tobacco by States — 1960
Stabilization Receipts By Belts— 1960
Flue Cured Movement In and Out of
N. C. Tobacco Sold Out of State Out of State Tobacco Sold in N. C.
State I960 1959 I960 1959
Va 32,787,230 2,S,33ri,0,S3 10,7l)l,ti03 9,875,082
S. C 9,094.44i 7.431,42-' 11,070,877 14.782,864
Ga 4,771,89.-, 8,9'3,S.-1 14.792
Fla 1.392 20,480
Ala 1,228 1,316
Total 46,6.54,959 44,713,842 24,773,708 24,674,054
Burley Tobacco Movement In and Out of
Sold Out of State
of State Tobacco Sold in N. C.
North Carolina Flue-Cured Crops
*Source: N. C. and TJSDA Crop Reportinjj
^Preliminary for 1960.
North Carolina Burley Crops
*Soiirce: N. C. ;ind USDA
**Preliminary for 1960.
N. C. Flue-Cured Tobacco Allotments*
County No. Farms Allotmeyit Rank
Brunswick _ -
Cleveland — _
Halifax .. ^ -
N. C. Flue-Cured Tobacco Allotments*
County No. Farms Allotment Rank
Mecklenburg 1 0.50 70
Montgomery __ 424 963.43 56
Moore -- 1,650 4,877.00 36
Nash -. 2,974 18,058.58 5
New Hanover 89 216.15 63
Northampton 221 471.37 60
Onslow . 1,889 6,219.43 29
Orange 950 3,312.80 40
Pamlico 418 1,095.38 55
Pender 1,686 3,270.08 43
Person 1,753 9,603.93 20
Pitt 2,685 25,180.65 1
Randolph 1,622 3,288.28 42
Richmond 1,011 2,085.49 48
Robeson _ 4,839 20,612.74 3
Rockingham 3,030 13,004.73 14
Rowan .-.. 38 46.58 64
Sampson o,355 15,209.91 9
Scotland 542 1,152.15 54
Stokes 2,755 11,412.13 17
Surry 3,169 10.895.24 19
Tyrrell 2 1.90 68
Vance 1,490 8,133.02 26
Wake S.846 19,308.23 4
Warren 1,965 6,084.14 30
Washington 295 957.03 57
Wayne ' 3,064 14,502.93 10
W^ilkes 967 1,542.49 49
Wilson 2,118 16,751.68 6
Yadkin 2,687 8,028.72 27
State Total ..119,996 471,245.60
*Source : USDA Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation.'
N. C. Burley Tobacco Allotments'
Comity No. Farms
Avery .._,._ _ _.._- _._... 243
Brunswick ._. 1
Catawba __.. 4
Cherokee — 185
Clay - - 199
Cleveland -.- 9
Iredell -— — - 4
Lincoln _ 2
McDowell - 85
Madison .__. 2,970
Randolph ^ - 1
Surry _ 8
Transylvania — 70
Watauga ___ 1,619
Wilkes - -- 24
State Total ._. -... 18,022
*Source : USDA Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation.
North Carolina Tobacco Warehouses
and Operators By Belts and Markets
N, C. BORDER BELT
Cliadbourn (one set buyers)
Producers — A. E. & Jack Garrett
Meyers — J. H. Harper, J. D. Hendley
Green-Teachey — Charlie Teachey, J. C. Green
Clarkton (one set buyers)
Bright Leaf— J. H. Bryant, B. F. Rivenbark, H. G. Perry
New Clarkton Whse. — Talley Bros. & Sons
Fair Bluff (one set buyers)
Powell— A. H. Powell & Sons
Planters — Carl Meares, Ray Haney
Littleton's No. 1 & 2—0. P. Littleton. Bill Carter
Fairmont (4 sets buyers)
People's Big 5 — E. J. Chambers, Yarboro & Garrett Co.
Davis & Mitchell Davis — F. A. Davis, Harry & Jack Mitchell
Holliday-Frye— E. H. Frye, J. W. and J. M. Holliday
Planters No. 1 & 2— G. R. Royster, Daniel
Square Deal 1-2-3— W .G. Bassett
Star Carolina 1-2-3— W. M. Puckett
Liberty-Twin State— P. R. Floyd, Jr., Paul Wilson, F. P. Joyce, Joe Pell
Fayetteville (one set buyers)
Big Farmers 1 & 2 — P. L. Campbell
Planters — J. W. Stephenson, J. C. Adams
Lumberton (three sets buyers)
Carolina — M. A. Roycroft, J. L. Townsend, J. Johnson
Smith-Dixie — Furman Biggs, Sr. & Jr.
Hedgepeth — R. A. Hedgepeth, R. L. Rollins
Liberty — R. E. Wilkens, R. H. Livermore
Star, Inc. — Hogan Teater, D. T. Stephenson
Lumberton Cooperative — C. E. McLaurin, Mgr.
Tabor City (one set buyers)
Carolina — R. C. Coleman, Mrs. Harriet Sikes
New Farmers — R. C. Coleman, Mrs. Harriet Sikes
Planters — Don Watson, Mgr.
AMiiteville (three sets buyers)
Crutchfield— G. E. & R. W. Crutchfield
Lea's Big Dixie — William Townes Lea, Louie Love, Jimmy Morgan
Moore's — A. H. Moore, C. C. Mason, C. F. Jeff coat
Nelson's No. 1 & 2 — John H. Nelson
Planters No. 1 & 2— A. O. King, Jr., J. W. Peay
Gray-Neal Farmers-Columbus County — A. Dial Gray, J. L. Neal
• Carolina — Lucieu Stephens, A. W. Williamson. Ernest Smith
Liberty — J. W. Hooks, I. A. Barefoot & Sons
Smith — Ernest Smith, Gary Bryan
Ahoskic (one set buyers)
Basnight No. 1-2-3— L. L. Wilkens, H. G. Veazey
Farmers No. 1 & 2 — W. M. Odom, Pierce & Winborne
Clinton (one set buyers)
Carolina — L. D. Herring, C. J. Strickland
Ross No. 2 — Guy R. Ross
Farmers — H. A. Carr, J. A. Chestnut, J. J. Hill
Dunn (one set buyers)
Big 4 Warehouse — Tom Smothers, Jack Calhoun
Planters — King Roberts, J. M. Smothers
Farmville (two sets buyers)
Bell's— Bill Brothers
Farmers «&: Monk's No. 1 & 2 — John N. Fountain, Mgr.
Planters & Prewits — Chester Worthington, W. A. Newell, B. S. Correll &
Lee's — Gordon Lee, Carl Rowan
Goldsboro (one set buyers)
Carolina — S. G. Best, Bruce Smith
Farmers No. 1— S. B. Hill, Carl Holloman, J. F. Hill
Farmers No. 2— S. B. Hill, Carl Holloman, J. F. Hill
Big Brick — J. R. Musgrave
Victory — Richard Gray, Clarence Whitley
Greenville (five sets buyers)
Cannon's — W. T. Cannon, Carlton Bail
Farmers — J. A. Tripp
Star-Planters— Harding Suggs, B. B. Suggs, J. T. Hill
McGowan's — J. A. Worthington, Jack Moye
New Carolina No. 1 & 2 — Lee Paramore, Laddie Avery
New Independent — Bob Cullipher, F. L. Blount
Victory — Harold Forbes, G. B. Jones
Raynor-Forbes — Noah Raynor, A. H. Forbes
Keel's — Ashley Wynne, Floyd McGowan
Harris & Rogers — R. E. Rogers
Kinston (four sets buyers)
Central — W. I. Herring-
Farmers — J. T. Jenkins
Kiustoii Cooperative — S. W. Smith
Knott Warehouse, Inc. — K. W. Loftin, Mgr.
Knott's New~H. G. Knott, W. E. Brewer
New Dixie — John Jenkins, Mgr.
Sheppard No. 1 & 2— J. T. Sheppard
New Central — W. I. Herring, Bill King
The Star Warehouse No. 1 — C. J. Herring
The Star Warehouse No. 2 — C. J. Herring
Banner — K. W. Loftin, Mgr.
Koborsoiiville (one set buyers)
Adkins & Bailey — I. M. Little, R. K. Adkins
Gray & Gray- (Red Front)— J. H. Gray, J. W. Peay
Planters No. 1 & 2— H. T. Highsmith, E. G. Anderson
Kooky Mount (four sets ))uyers)
Cobb & Carlton No. 1 & 2— W. E. Cobb, J. C. Carlton
Mangum — Roy M. Phipps
Planters No. 1-2-3— W. B. Faulkner, Mgr.
Smith No. 1 & 2— James D. Smith
Works Warehouse — R. J. Works & Son
Easley Warehouse Co., Inc. — H. A. Easley, Mgr.
Farmers Warehouse, Inc. — J. C. Holt Evans, Mgr.
Fenners — J. B. Fenner
Sniithfleld (two sets buyers)
Big Planters — J. B. Wooten, Mrs. W. A. Carter
Farmers No. 1 & 2 — Joe & C. E. Stephenson
Gold Leaf No. 1 & 2— R. A. Pearce
Perkins Riverside — N. L. Perkins
Wallace No. 1 & 2 — Lawrence and Dixon Wallace
Skinner's — Frank Skinner
Tarboro (one set buyers)
Clark's No. 1 & 2— H. I. Johnson, S. A. McConkey
Farmers No. 1 & 2— W. L. House, J. P. Bunn
Victory No. 1 & 2— Cliff Weeks, W. L. Leggett
Wallace (one set buyers)
Blanchard & Farrior — O. C. Blanchard, W. H. Farrior
Hussey No. 1 & 3 — Joe Bryant, Bill Hussey
Sheffield's— John Sheffield
Washington (one set buyers)
Sermons No. 1 & 2 — W. J. Sermons, J. E. Roberson
Talley-Hassell 1 & 2— M. M. Hassell, W. G. Talley
Wendell (one set buyers)
Farmers — L. R. Clark & Son
Liberty 1 & 2— H. F. Harris, I. D. Medlin, J. W. Dale
Northside — G. Dean
Wilson (five sets buyers)
Big Dixie— E. B. Hicks, W. C. Thompson
Wainwrigtit — G. L. Wainwright
Center Brick No. 1-2-3— Cozart & Eagles Co.
Farmers — J. J. Gibbons, S. G. Deans
Growers Cooperative — S. E. Griffin, Mgr.
New Planters No. 1 & 2— R. T. & W. C. Smith, B. W. Carr
Smith Warehouse, Inc.^ — H. H. Harris, Jr., Mgr.
Watson — U. H. Cozart, Jr., Pres.
Clark's— C. R. & Boyd Clark
New Liberty — Carl B. Renfro
Willianiston (one set buyers)
Farmers — John A. Griffin, Leman Barnhill
Rodgers Warehouse — Urbin Rogers, Russell Rogers
Planters & Roanoke-Dixie — Jim Pierce, Fisher Harris
Windsor (one set buyers)
Planters 1 & 2— C. B. & B. U. Griffin, J. D. & Charles Marshall
Heckstall — Max Hux, Julian Hexstall
Aberdeen (one set buyers)
New Aberdeen — George Mabe, Tom Faulkner
Planters — W. Fentriss Phillips
Hardee's — Hugh T. Hardee
Carthage (one set buyers)
McConnells — G. Hoover Carter
Victory — B. T. Bailey & Earl Ennis
Durham (three sets buyers)
Liberty — John Walker Stone
Roycroft— H. T., M. A. & J. K. Roycroft, J. C. Currin
Star-Brick^ — A. L. Carver, Cozart, Currin
Farmers — J. M. Talley, Howard Talley, Bob Dale, Sam Mangum
Ellerbe (one set buyers)
Farmers — R. P. Brim & S. H. Richardson
Richmond County — Bud Rummage & Roy Smith
Fuqiiay-Varina (two sets buyers)
Big Top— Bill Talley & E. E. Clayton
New Deal— W. M., A. R., A. L. Talley
Southside — J. C. Adams, J. W. Stephenson
Goldleaf— Sherrill Akins & J. W. Dail
Liberty — P. L. Campbell
Henderson (two sets buyers)
Banners— E. C. Huff, L. R. Wilkinson
Carolina — M. L. High
Moore's Big Henderson — A. H. Moore
Farmers — W. J. Alston, Jr.
High Price — C. J. Fleming, C. B. Turner
Liberty — George T. Robertson
Ellington— F. H. Ellington & Sons
Loiiisbiirg (one set buyers)
Big Franklin— A. N. Wilson, S. T. & H. B. Cottrell
Southside A & B— Charlie Ford
Friendly Four — L. L. Sturdivant, James Speed
Oxford (two sets buyers)
Banner — W. L. Mitchell, Jr., David Mitchell
Mangum-Farmers — T. B. Williams, Julian Adcock, S. B. Knott
Fleming No. 1 & 2— G. B. Watkins, D. T. Currin
Planters & Johnson — C. R. Watkins, C. R. Watkins, Jr.
Owens No. 1 & 2 — J. S. Watkins, L. Gregory
Granville — L. S. Bryan, Jr., W. W. Yeargin
Sanford (one set buyers)
Wood 3-W No. 1 & 2— W. F. Wood
Twin City 1 & 2— W. M. Carter, T. V. Mansfield
King Roberts 1-2-3 — King Roberts
Castleberrys — C. N. Castleberry
AVari-entou (one set buyers)
Boyd's— W. P. Burwell
Center No. 1 & 2— M. D. Carroll
Farmers — E. G. Tarwater
Thompson — C. E. Thompson
Currin's No. 1 & 2— D. G. Currin & C. W. Currin
Burlington (one set buyers)
Carolina — Joe Dillard, Jule Allen
Coble — N. C. Newman, L. O. Winstead, R. W. Rainey
Farmers — Bill & Jack McCauley
Greensboro (one set buyers)
Greensboro Tobacco Warehouse Co. — R. C. Coleman, Mgr.
Guilford County Whse. Co.— H. P. Smothers, W. B. Hull
Madison (one set buyers)
New Brick— R. T. Chiltou, S. F. Webster
Carolina — R. T. Chilton, S. F. Webster
Sharpe & Smith — W. S. Smith, H. A. Fagg
Farmers— W. S. Smith, H. A. Fagg
Mebane (one set buyers)
Growers 1 & 2 — Roy Smith & Bud Rummage
New Piedmont — A. O. King, Jr., Billy Hopkins, Hugh Strayhorn
Mt. Airy (one set buyers)
Dixie 1 & 2— J. W. & J. L. Hunter
Liberty — F. V. Dearmin, Tom Jones, Buck White, 0. L. Badgett
Jones — Tom Jones, Buck White, O. L. Badgett, F. V. Dearmin
Hunters — J. W., J. L. Hunter
Reidsville (one set buyers)
Farmers-Brown— G. E. Smith, P. D. McMichael, D. Huffines
Leader-Watts — A. P. Sands, A. G. Irvin, J. L. Pennix
Smothers— T. B. & J. M. Smothers
Koxboro (one set buyers)
Farmers — Lindsay Wagstaff, R. L. Hester
Hyco — W. R. Jones, F. J. Hester, Geo. Walker
Foacre — H. W. Winstead, Jr., Pres.
Planters No. 2 — T. O. Pass
Winstead— T. T. & Elmo Mitchell
Pioneer— J. H. Merritt, D. L. Whitfield
Stonevillc (one set buyers)
Joyce's No. 1 & 2 — O. P. Joyce, Willis Wake
Farmers — F. A. Brown, P. M. Moorefield
Piedmont — J. J. Webster
Powell — Elmer Powell, Joe R. Sharpe
Winston-Salem (four sets buyers)
Brown — R. W. Newsome, W. B. Simpson
Carolina-Star — G. H. Robertson, H. M. Bouldin
Growers — Floyd Joyce, W. G. Sheets, J. R. Pell, M. M. Joyner
Pepper No. 1 & 2 — Fred Owens, F. L. Kellam
Planters — Foss Smithdeal, Frank Smithdeal, Wes Watson
Taylor — Paul Taylor
Big Winston— R. T. & J. F. Carter
Cooks No. 1 & 2— B. E. Cook, C. B. Strickland, William Fowler, H. A.
N. C. BURLEY BELT
Asheville (two sets buyers — second set incomplete)
Burley-Dixie No. 1 & 2— L. J. Hill
Planters No. 1 & 2— J. W. Stewart
Bernard-Walker Warehouse — James E. Walker, Mgr.
Day's — Charlie Day
Boone (one set buyers)
Mountain Burley No. 1 & 2 — Joe E. Coleman
Farmers Burley — Joe E. Coleman
West Jefferson (one set buyers)
Tri-State Burley— C. C. Taylor, Rex Taylor
Jarrell's — Bill Jarrell
DOMESTIC CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION
BY KINDS- 1960
Total Domestic Consumption
480 Billion Cigarettes